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The Occupiers’ Liability Act 1984: scope and impact

The price of protest: restrictions on Article 11

Craig Beauman looks at restrictions on Article 11 of the European Convention on Human Rights

A statue of slave trader Edward Colston is pushed into the River Avon during a Black Lives Matter protest in Bristol

This article is relevant to AQA A-level Paper 3 (human rights) and OCR A-level Component 3 (human rights law).

The right to protest, march or to publicly amplify an opinion through demonstration is a fundamental right in any democracy. The belief that the executive, legislature or a judicial decision can and should be openly challenged in such a way by ordinary citizens separates democracies from dictatorships or autocracies. Similarly, the right to join organisations to challenge decisions made by public bodies is a democratic right — as is the contrary: the right of citizens not to be forced to join groups or organisations if they do not wish to do so.

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The Occupiers’ Liability Act 1984: scope and impact

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