This ‘Examination focus’ is relevant to AQA A-level Papers 3A and 3B and OCR A-level Component 3.
To explore the role of the law in balancing the interests of different parties, it is first necessary to consider the role of the law in society as a whole. One of the main aims of the criminal law is to maintain law and order. Therefore, when a person is found guilty of an offence, the offender will be punished. This protects society and provides the justification for sending offenders to prison. In the civil system, one of the main roles of the law in society is the upholding of the rights of individuals and organisations. It can be argued that the law has the following four main aims:
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