Source A Emma of Normandy (left), with her sons Edward and Alfred, being presented to her brother Duke Richard II of Normandy
Born the daughter of Richard, Duke of Normandy, in around 985, Emma was married to two kings of England, was the mother of two more, and gave William the Conqueror, her great-nephew, his somewhat tenuous claim to the throne of England. A determined and powerful figure, she played a major part in many of the complex and violent dynastic and political upheavals which characterised England in the first half of the eleventh century.
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