1870–71 produced a major shift in the political landscape in France. In just nine months, an empire collapsed, a new republic emerged and a worker-led uprising was crushed. What were the causes and consequences of such upheaval?
Following his election as president of the French Second Republic in November 1848, Louis Napoleon Bonaparte staged a coup d’état in December 1851. He dissolved the National Assembly and seized supreme power. One year later, in December 1852, he crowned himself Emperor Napoleon III and established the Second Empire.
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