Anneliese Marie Frank was born in Frankfurt on 12 June 1929. She was the second and youngest child of a Jewish family who considered themselves to be German. Her sister, Margot Betti Frank, who was three years older, also wrote a diary, though this has never been found. After Hitler’s rise to power in 1933, Anne’s family decided to escape from Germany, moving to Amsterdam to flee the radically escalating anti-Semitism in Germany.
Anne chose the diary —a red and white chequered notebook — as a present for her thirteenth birthday. She named it Kitty and it became her best friend. Anne’s thirteenth birthday in 1942 was to be the last she would spend before going into hiding. She had a birthday party with a strawberry pie and a room decorated with flowers.
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