Bandura was an advocate of social learning theory (SLT). SLT holds that the two basic principles of conditioning are valid, but on their own are insufficient as an explanation of most human social behaviour:
■ Classical (or respondent/Pavlovian) conditioning states that learning involves involuntary reflexes. SLT states that learning cannot be explained properly without attributing cognitive processes to the learner. This is the S-O-R approach, standing for ‘stimulus’, ‘organism’ and ‘response’.
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