‘Sorry losers and haters, but my IQ is one of the highest, and you all know it!’ Donald J. Trump.
Alfred Binet, best known for developing the first IQ tests, is also known for popularising the term ‘narcissism’ in psychology. He used the term to describe a patient ‘whose admiration focused exclusively on himself’ (Zajenkowski et al. 2019). Nowadays psychologists tend to distinguish between this ‘grandiose narcissism’ (also called oblivious narcissism because the person is oblivious to the effect on others) and ‘vulnerable narcissism’, characterised by high but fragile self-esteem, sensitivity and shame.
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