The concept checklist on the back page of SOCIOLOGY REVIEW Volume 29 issue 4, published in April 2020, was about intersectionality. This is an important concept, and the Guardian newspaper recently published an article about the black feminist Kimberlé Crenshaw, who introduced the concept. It contains a great deal of useful information. You can find it at: www.tinyurl.com/y5tlzwwf.
‘Masculinity’ is a term about gender, unlike ‘male’, which is about biology. Masculinity refers to the characteristics, social roles and behaviours typically associated with men in a particular society. As such, it is a social construct, and differs between societies and cultures as well as over time. ‘Hegemonic masculinity’ refers to forms of masculinity which emphasise rationality, control and dominance. Some feminists use the term ‘toxic masculinity’, referring to how boys are socialised into believing that they shouldn’t express emotions and should grow up to be ‘tough’. This can have serious repercussions in later life, as men struggle to express their emotions for fear of being ‘unmanly’.
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