Barcelona is a city in northeastern Spain, on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. It is an important global city, acting as a cultural, economic and architectural hub. One of the key features is the Basilica of the Sagrada Familia (due to be completed in 2026), designed by the famous local architect, Antoni Gaudi. In 1992, Barcelona hosted the Olympic Games. As part of Barcelona’s bid, it put a major focus on the urban planning of the whole city, which has continued to this day and has made Barcelona a leading city in effective urban regeneration.
The main urban planning approach used by Barcelona is called La Superilla, which involves dividing the city into ‘Superblocks’. The roads around a Superblock can be used by cars. However, within a Superblock, drivers are only allowed to access specific properties, and cannot use the roads as a through route. This is to reduce through-traffic and car use, encourage safer streets, develop stronger local communities and reduce air pollution. In addition, there are other initiatives which consider traffic congestion and the environment, such as including more bicycle lanes and developing bus networks. The overall aim of this strategy is to improve the city for all groups of people by creating healthy and safe communities.
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