Liberalism’s core ideas and principles features in Edexcel’s Paper 1 and AQA’s Paper 3
Individualism sits at the core of liberal ideology and shapes how liberals view human nature, society and the state. Individualism is a belief that all individuals are unique, equal and capable of self-realisation. Indeed, as John Stuart Mill stated, ‘over his own body and mind, the individual is sovereign’. Both classical and modern liberals agree on the primacy of individualism. As Emmanuel Kant asserted, individual rights are an ‘end’ in themselves with their own intrinsic value. Consequently, all liberals agree that individual rights are more important than any group or collective rights.
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